Depending on the distance from the heart, different blood pressure can be measured in different areas of the body. In medical practice, blood pressure measured in the brachial artery is understood as blood pressure value.
Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic maximum during one heart beat pressure over diastolic minimum between two heart beats pressure. When assessing blood pressure readings, we also take heart rate into consideration.
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center Summary: Bradycardia -- a slower than normal heartbeat -- does not increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, according to a study. The heart usually beats between 60 and times a minute in an adult at rest. But with bradycardia, the heart beats fewer than 50 times a minute.
Heart rate or pulse rate is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute bpm. When pulse rate increases, blood pressure will increase too.
Blood pressure readings can be affected by body position, part of the day, emotional state, physical activity, size of the upper arm and the blood pressure cuff that we use. Hypertension usually has no signs or symptoms but in the long-term it could lead to serious damage of the organs hence making root cause analysis and earliest possible therapy inevitable.
Causes of hypertension can be kidney diseases, hormonal disorders, arteriosclerosis but it can also be a side effect of certain medications. Depending on the causes, various treatments may be necessary, which will be determined by our specialist.